submitted by top1markets to u/top1markets [link] [comments]
Since the outbreak of COVID-19 in 2020, the global economy has entered a recession, with gold soaring, stock markets tumbling, and oil prices plummeting.
Saudi Arabia cut pricing for oil sales to Asia and the U.S. for October shipments, and the reduction exceeded last month.
Global daily oil consumption (total liquid volume) broke the "100 million barrels" mark for the first time in 2019, reaching 10.96 million barrels. It means the global daily consumption is more than 100 million barrels, and the annual consumption is more than 5 billion tons.
Since the outbreak of COVID-19, fuel demand has decreased significantly, while global oil supply has continued to increase.
Global oil consumption has decreased by nearly a quarter due to COVID-19. The global daily oil consumption level in the second quarter of this year was less than 77 million barrels, which is almost 20 years ago.
20th April saw WTI oil prices plunge from $17.85 to -$37.63, more than a 300% drop, the largest one day drop for U.S. crude in history.
The oil prices up and down in history, and various factors impact the oil prices. One of the most critical factors is OPEC.
The Birth of OPEC
The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) is a permanent, intergovernmental Organization created at the Baghdad Conference on September 10–14, 1960, by Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Venezuela.
Before the OPEC, the Seven Sisters (E Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, Gulf Oil, Royal Dutch Shell, Chevron, ExxonMobil, Socony, Standard Oil Company of New York, and Texaco) controlled the world's oil markets.
In the 1950s, coal was the most critical fuel globally, but oil consumption increased rapidly, and demand continued to grow. In 1959, the United States' Seven Sisters lowered the price of oil produced in Venezuela and the Middle East by 10% to reduce the United States' price.
To counter the U.S. oil monopoly, OPEC was born.
OPEC's 13 members control approximately 30% of global oil supplies and 79.4% of proven reserves. OPEC member nations produce about 42% of the world's crude oil, and OPEC's oil exports account for roughly 60% of the total petroleum traded worldwide.
Impact of OPEC on Oil Prices
Within the OPEC group, Saudi Arabia is the largest crude oil producer in the world and remains the most dominant member of OPEC, with each instance of a cut in oil production by them, resulting in a sharp rise in oil prices, and vice versa.
Additionally, the 'kingdom of Saud' is also the leading exporter of crude oil globally. Since 2000, all historical instances since the 1973 Arab oil embargo indicate that Saudi Arabia has maintained its upper hand in the oil market. It calls the shots in determining crude oil prices by controlling supply.
All major oil price fluctuations in recent history can be clearly attributed to production levels from Saudi Arabia, along with other OPEC nations.
Is it now the end of OPEC?
The success of shale oil and the plunge in oil prices in 2014 are signs that OPEC has declined.
Since 2014, U.S. shale oil has created a boom in domestic crude oil production. Shale oil comprises more than a third of the onshore production of crude oil in the lower 48 states. It drove U.S. oil output from 8.8 million barrels per day in 2014 to a record 12.2 million barrels a day in 2019.
As a result, the United States became the world's largest crude-oil producer.
Today the U.S., Saudi Arabia, and Russia rank among the top three in world oil production.
In November 2014, despite the appeals of other OPEC members to cut production, Saudi Arabia suddenly increased production sharply, trying to defeat U.S. shale oil companies through the competitive increase in OPEC member states. But American shale oil survived strongly by borrowing, and it became more efficient, and production costs were greatly reduced.
During this time, Saudi Arabia's economy is declining rapidly. Saudi Arabia had the highest government deficit in history-98 billion U.S. dollars, accounting for 15% of GDP in 2015.
In 2016, Saudi Arabia led OPEC and Russia to reach an OPEC+ production reduction agreement. Since then, oil prices have steadily rebounded. At the same time, Saudi Arabia has begun to consider taking advantage of high oil prices to list Saudi Aramco to ease domestic financial difficulties.
During this period, OPEC +'s reduction in production has rescued U.S. shale oil again. The production capacity of shale oil has increased sharply by 4 million barrels per day, surpassing Saudi Arabia, and Russia.
So far, the OPEC structure and cohesion continues to divide and elude.
On 8th March 2020, Saudi Arabia initiated a price war with Russia, facilitating a 65% quarterly fall in the price of oil. The price war was triggered by a break-up in dialogue between the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and Russia over proposed oil-production cuts in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic. Russia walked out of the agreement, leading to the fall of the OPEC+ alliance.
While past oil shocks have been driven by either supply or demand, the price collapse of 2020 is highly unusual in oil market history: It results from a massive demand shock and a huge supply overhang at the same time.
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submitted by Manlog305 to ICOAnalysis [link] [comments]
IQ.cash is a unique global platform on the blockchain, created both for investors and traders and miners. The main objective of the platform is to provide real-time, anonymous payments and real-time investments for crypto enthusiasts.
The IQ.cash project team has already developed for their investors the IQ Masternode network that they use. Also, the IQ coin is presented on such well-known exchanges as HitBTC, BitHumb Glogal, P2PB2B, CoinsBit, BitForex, CREX24 and Mercatox. Therefore, traders can easily trade it! If an investor has more than 3000 IQ on his balance sheet, then he can receive passive income 57% of the block, miners, in turn, receive 43% of the block. We still have 6%, which are reserved for DAO (decentralized autonomous organizations), that is, they are used to invest, for example, in ICO projects, websites, trading bots, and improving the entire IQ ecosystem . cash and so on. All of these unique features can help make the IQ.cash platform popular around the world.
Now I am going to share with you the concept which our company has come up with for IQ.cash crypto coin. Its mechanism was developed to share the profit between miners as a reward for the transactions operated by IT specialists and MasterNode owners with 3,000 IQ.cash deposit as a commission for assisting the server system by investing in it. This is simply how the coin has been programmed.
5 steps to make 300% yearly profit
IQ.cash coin was created the way so the profit is split in proportion of 57% and 43% between MasterNode (server with deposit) owners and miners accordingly. Additional 6% DAO is reserved to be either shared with people helping to develop the IQ.cash project or to simply dissolve once a month.
What are MasterNodes created for? To simplify, those are assistant servers which let IQ.cash coin to operate the payments inside the blockchain system. To create such a server, the owner must ‘rent’ it from the hoster. Its cost might vary from US $1 to US $4 per month. You must have a 3,000 IQ deposit to make the investment work. The deposit will be blocked by the system, so starting this very moment the system is adding the commission for your assistance to the project which can be spent or used to create new deposits and servers. One server and one deposit form a MasterNode!
In case you are not interested in a profit you can unblock the deposit and trade it at any of seven exchanges where our coins are used. Currently the profit is 300% a year but the bigger MasterNode is, the smaller the commission becomes as the reward is limited and splits equally between all the participating investors. The more people are willing to make deposits, the higher the price of the coin rises at the exchange, so the more profit it makes.
Get the profit and spend it on your needs or create the next MasterNode to increase the profit accordingly to the number of MasterNodes!
It is easier than it seems and you will get the profit bigger than any investment can provide. People really do that for a living!
And now let's get into how you can purchase it.👉Go to the buy page and you will see the window opening where you can to pay for the amount of coins you would like to purchase. You don't have to worry about the following steps as we will manage the rest by buying IQ.cash and FLS coins (to cover the Flits service) from the exchange.
If You don't understand? This link will help you: 👉 Open the step-by-step guide to creating a IQ.Cash Masternode.What did I like about this project? Yes, almost everything. Here I did not hear the promises of the Golden Mountains when participating in the project, which many others are doing in order to only attract investors. Perhaps this is why this project remained in the shadow of upstarts and continued to work, to bring its beginnings to its logical conclusion. And now, when everything works as an ideal mechanism, the team decided to declare itself as a full-fledged player in this field. And this is very correct, since such projects with a good reputation and a finished product can be counted on the fingers of one hand.
For more information about IQ.CASH visit:
ANN thread: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=4360591
BITCOINTALK USERNAME: I Am Man
BITCOINTALK PROFILE: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?action=profile;u=2734184
Money was leaving the country at a record clip earlier this year through unauthorized channels, according to analysts. That's bad news for China, which needs to keep financial reserves high to maintain confidence in its markets.........................................
Chinese law prohibits Chinese companies from submitting to normal U.S. auditing standards, and four Senators have already introduced a bill requiring them to do so. Should Trump be reelected ... either Beijing will relent on auditing standards or Chinese firms may start to face U.S. delisting threat.Jul 14: Chinese $2.8bn memory chip project goes bust [LINK]
A Chinese company that launched a $2.8 billion government-backed semiconductor project four years ago is going bankrupt after it failed to attract investors, even as China tries to become self-sufficient in computer chips.Jul 16: TSMC plans to halt chip supplies to Huawei in 2 months [LINK]
A government-backed semiconductor manufacturing project based in the central Chinese city of Wuhan has gone belly-up, with key operator HSMC mired in debt. The local government said the project amounts to nearly RMB 128 billion (around $18.7 billion) in investment.Sep 22: Huawei chairman urges U.S. to reconsider 'attack' on global supply chain [LINK]
The reality is that Beijing doesn’t have the wherewithal to guarantee the future of hundreds of smaller, provincial financial institutions that together sit on 73.4 trillion ($11 trillion USD) of yuan of total liabilities.
The Hong Kong Securities and Futures Commission has announced a review program to ascertain the "Cybersecurity preparedness" of securities brokers.
The SFC was spurred into action following multiple incidents of unauthorized securities transactions taking place on compromised trading accounts: "In the past 12 months, 16 incidents were reported involving seven securities brokers and total unauthorized trades in excess of $100 million. These cases are under police investigation." The agency has issued a circular on how licensed securities brokers can deploy additional security procedures to thwart attacks on mobile and online trading infrastructure.
As part of the review, the SFC will be issuing a questionnaire to small and medium equity, futures and forex brokers & traders.
Onsite inspections at certain brokerages will be carried out by the SFC to examine trading IT infrastructure and fraud prevention systems.
"Special focus will be placed on protection of customer online trading accounts covering, inter alia, authentication, password policy and associated controls and training to staff and clients." Part of the review will also compare existing financial regulations in Hong Kong against those of other financial centers and jurisdictions.
While the SFC will be focusing on regulated financial entities in the legacy financial system, the agency's initiative comes two months after one of the biggest thefts took place at Hong Kong-based BitFinex, a digital currency exchange, which lost close to $70 million worth of customers' Bitcoin when its servers were breached by hackers.
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